In times where you encounter someone who has stopped breathing, it is important to know that every single moment can mean the difference between life and death. It is significant that you stay calm and level-headed and that you do not panic, as it will only further cause paranoia amidst the situation.
It is also crucial to note that before performing any CPR or BLS procedures, there are things you should look for and take care in order to maximize time and increase efficiency. Of course, it starts with learning CPR. Some of them are:
1. Contact 911 or any nearby emergency service before starting
It is important that you call medical services so they are informed and are tasked to arrive at the scene to further take care of the victim after your initial CPR measures. The dispatchers can also guide you through the process if you are not familiar while waiting for the medical professionals to arrive at the scene. If you have no access to any communication devices, look for people who can dial them.
2. Ensure that you are working in a safe, non-hazardous vicinity
Always make sure of that the person you are assisting is free from any nearby hazardous sources, so there are less chances of more damage. In drowning situations, make sure to relocate them to dry land and make sure they are not swallowing any water. In more dire and critical situations such as a fire, make sure to relocate the victim away from the hazard to prevent you and the victim from risks.
3. Check if the patient is conscious or unconscious
Ensure that you are aware of their condition before taking any further measures. In the event that the person seems to be unconscious, tap or shake them and ask them questions and see if they respond. If not, prepare to perform CPR. In the event that they are conscious, ensure that person is cared for and will not fall unconscious.