In an occasion where a person drops unconscious and has stopped breathing, every second counts. After you have taken the necessary steps to take the victim to a safer place, you need to prepare to administer CPR. CPR is essential as it potentially restarts the oxygen flow of the victim so that their heart gets the oxygen it needs to pump blood normally.
This list will be about ways on how to perform CPR on an adult human and will contain crucial tips when encountering a situation like this.
1. If you are not trained in CPR or are unsure of your capabilities
The American Heart Association recommends that you provide hands-only CPR at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute until medical professionals arrive. Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is not required and you do not have to attempt it if you are not trained to do so.
2. If you ARE trained in CPR
After checking the victim’s condition and seeing it fit for CPR, you can now safely begin giving CPR to the victim. Make sure that when you get tired, you look for someone else to replace you, because giving CPR when tired will only interrupt the steady rhythm.
3. If there is an AED available
If an Automated External Defibrillator is available, do not be scared to use it as it will literally tell you what to do. Most AED devices give out verbal instructions that will tell you and guide you on how to use it, and will deliver a shock to the person’s heart to restart the rhythm if deemed necessary. It will greatly help chances of recovery.
4. The correct position
Make sure that the person is laying down on their back on a flat surface and position yourself correctly by kneeling next to their shoulders. Put one hand spread out onto the victim’s chest and interlace the gaps with the other hand on top. Make sure that your shoulders and elbows are straight, then begin compressions at a rate of 100-120 compressions a minute. You must compress on the chest approximately about 2 inches, but no more than 2.4 inches for an efficient administer. Also, remember to push straight down with your entire upper body strength, but make sure not to go over the limit!