We pray that our children are always safe but we can’t always prevent accidents from happening. Learning to perform CPR in children is then an essential skill and in this blog post, we’re discussing them step by step with the help of Nicklaus Children’s Hospital.
Hello and welcome to Nicklaus Children's Health System Learning and Development CPR. Today we will demonstrate the proper way to perform CPR on the child between 1 year of age in puberty. This blog will also include how to respond to a choking child if needed. Let's start with the basics.
CPR keeps oxygen and blood flowing throughout the body for a child whose heart has stopped beating. Many people are afraid to start CPR for fear of not knowing the proper technique. Never be afraid to perform CPR because any CPR is better than no CPR.
If you find an unresponsive child, check for responsiveness by tapping and shouting ‘Are you okay, are you okay?’ Did the child move, breathe, talk or respond in any way? If there is no response, yell for help and call 911. If you're by yourself, you will need to do five (5) cycles of CPR, then call 911.
On a hard surface, a table or the ground, move the clothes out of the way so that you can see the child's chest. Scan for breathing for at least five seconds, no more than ten. Go from the head to the chest, if the chest moving, the child is breathing. If a child is doing something called agonal gasping, that's just a quick burst of air inside and not normal breathing. So if no breathing, no movement or agonal gasping, this child needs CPR.
For CPR, you'll need to give 30 compressions and two breaths again and again until the child starts to breathe, move or someone can take over for you. Don't forget, if you're alone, do five (5) cycles of CPR then call 911 on speaker so the emergency staff can communicate with you.
One (1) cycle is thirty (30) compressions and two (2) breaths. We're going to start with the compressions.
1. Place the heel of one hand or if you're not sure you're strong enough to compress hard with one hand, you can use two hands.
2. Place the second hand on top of the first. Encircle the fingers over the lower half of the breastbone.
3. Compress down about one-third the depth of the chest, at least two inches or until you feel resistance. Compress it a fast rate. Your goal is a hundred to 120 compressions per minute.
4. Be sure to allow the chest to rise back up after each compression and don't forget to count out loud.
5. After thirty (30) compressions you're gonna need to give two breaths. To give the breath, put one hand on the child's forehead, put two fingers on the bony part of the child's chin, so you can tilt the head back. The nose points to the ceiling and you'll need to pinch the nose closed
6. Lift your mouth between each breath, so the chest can return to a normal position. If the air did not go in, you did not see the chest rise: reposition the head and try your breaths again. Remember to lift your mouth slightly between each breath, to allow the chest to relax. This completes one cycle of CPR, thirty (30) compressions and two breaths.
Give cycles of thirty (30) compressions and two (2) breaths over and over, until the child wakes up or someone can take over for you. Again if you're alone, do those five (5) cycles of CPR then call 911.
How to Provide Child CPR
By: Nicklaus Children’s Hospital
Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PJbJ5IFvtIg